Anemia is one of the most common problems encountered in clinical
practice. Making a diagnosis of "anemia" is never sufficient. The cause
of the anemia must always be determined; in some cases, the cause is a
potentially life-threatening condition. Examination of the blood allows
us to identify a problem and generate a list of possible causes, if not
actually give the diagnosis outright.
- Identify the typical hemoglobin levels that define anemia in children/adolescents and post-pubertal men and women.
the signs and symptoms of anemia and distinguish between the symptoms
of acute anemia with volume depletion and chronic anemia in the
- Classify anemias according to the mean corpuscular volume.
- Classify anemias according to the reticulocyte count.
- List and describe the other laboratory examinations that can assist one in determining the etiology of the anemia.
- List factors that impair the normal reticulocyte response to anemia.
- Identify structural red cell abnormalities on a peripheral blood smear and to describe their clinical association
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